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the most serious threat to the Macedonian hegemony in Greece, and since Antigonus' military efforts were unsuccessful, he probably resolved to poison the traitor in 247 BC. )," in. He died of natural causes in his eightieth year, and was succeeded by his son Demetrius II. Struck circa 274/1-260/55 BC. Thereafter Antigonus’ foreign policy was marked by friendship with the Seleucids. The Greek inscription reads "ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΓΟΝΟΥ" meaning (of king Antigonus). Soon after this, the Spartan king, Areus, returned from Crete with 2,000 men. (controls). Phthia von Epeiros war die Gattin des Demetrios II., des Sohnes des Antigonos Gonatas (Iustin. As the Aetolians had occupied Thermopylae, he was cut off from Athens and the Peloponnese. Die Gattin des Antigonos Doson hiess nach Polyb. Il défait Pyrrhus puis remporte la guerre chrémonidéenne contre une coalition de cités grecques. Antigonus's Macedonian troops retreated, but his own body of Gallic mercenaries, who had charge of his elephants, stood firm until Pyrrhus's troops surrounded them, whereupon they surrendered both themselves and the elephants. The philosopher, however, did not come and instead sent two of his students, Persaeus and the Theban Philonides. viii. Taking possession of Aegae, the ancient capital of Macedonia, he installed a garrison of Gauls, who greatly offended the Macedonians by digging up the tombs of their kings and leaving the bones scattered about as they searched for gold. At the same time, Lysimachus attacked Macedonia from the east while Pyrrhus did so from the west. Seine Großväter waren die Diadochen Antigonos Monophthalmos und Antipatros. With some of his troops trying to get out of the city and others trying to get in, Pyrrhus's army was now thrown into confusion. Antigonus II Gonatas (319 BC-239 BC) was King of Macedon from 277 BC to 274 BC (succeeding Demetrius I Poliorcetes and preceding Pyrrhus of Epirus) and from 272 BC to 239 BC (succeeding Pyrrhus and preceding Demetrius II Aetolicus).. King of Macedonia, 277-239 BC. In 251 BC, Aratus, a young nobleman in the city of Sicyon, expelled the tyrant Nicocles, who had ruled with the acquiescence of Antigonus, freed the people, and recalled the exiles. Antigonus II Gonatas Father: Demetrius Poliorcetes; Mother: Phila I (daughter of Antipater) Wife: Phila II (daughter of his sister Stratonice I and Seleucus I Nicator) Son: Demetrius II Main deeds. [1] No Western historical record of this event remains. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 17.09 g, 10h). Antigonus II Gonatas (c. 319 BC ... Because Antigonus Gonatas was the grandson of Antipater and the nephew of Cassander, through his mother, his presence helped to reconcile the supporters of these former kings to the rule of his father. With this increased strength, Aratus invaded the territory of Athens and plundered Salamis. Having successfully repelled the external threat to his control of Greece, the main danger to the power of Antigonus lay in the Greek love of liberty. † Sohn des Demetrios des Schönen, Halbbruder des Antigonos II. After Alexander’s death, however, Antigonus gave Nicaea, Alexander’s widow, to his son Demetrius in marriage and by means of a stratagem regained Corinth in 244. Amphipolis mint. After this success he was acknowledged king by the Macedonians in 276. Media in category "Antigonus II Gonatas" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. In 287 BC, Pyrrhus took the Macedonian city of Verroia and Demetrius's army promptly deserted and went over to the enemy who was much admired by the Macedonians for his bravery. c/m: Head of Hera facing / B-A, Pan erecting trophy to right; [monogram to outer left, monogram between legs]. Amphipolis mint. AR Tetradrachm 31.5mm, 17 g. Amphipolis mint. Although successfully defending Egypt, Ptolemy II was unable to save Athens from Antigonus. His mother was Phila, the daughter of Antipater. Among the literati at his court were the historian Hieronymus of Cardia, who recorded the war with Pyrrhus, and the poet Aratus, a native of Cilicia, author of the much read didactic poem on astronomy, Phaenomena. In order to do this, he showed him great marks of favour. Immediately after the Chremonidean War, Antigonus joined forces with the Seleucid Antiochus II against their common enemy, Ptolemy II. When Antigonus heard that Pyrrhus had treacherously attacked the city, he advanced to the walls and sent a strong force inside to help the Argives. Antigonos II Gonatas : German - English translations and synonyms (BEOLINGUS Online dictionary, TU Chemnitz) Antigonus II Gonatas (Greek: Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans. Leaving Antigonus in charge of the war in Greece, he assembled all his ships and embarked with 11,000 infantry and all his cavalry to attack Caria and Lydia, provinces of Lysimachus. Jealousy among the victors eventually allowed Demetrius to regain part of the power his father had lost. Dynasty of Hellenistic kings descended from Alexander the Great's general Antigonus I Monophthalmus . In this way, Antigonus was able to inflict a crushing defeat on them and claim the Macedonian throne. Antigonos war ein Neffe von Antigonos II.Gonatas.Nach dem Tode Demetrios’ II. Antigonos II Gonatas. 53), nach seinem Geburtsorte Gonnos oder Gonnoi (Gonoi) in Thessalien Gonatas genannt (vgl. In Macedonia the cult of the ruler, so usual in the other Hellenistic states, was unknown. Omissions? Whether his naval victory of Cos, which secured Antigonus the Aegean Sea and the League of the Islanders, belongs to this (255) or to the Chremonidean War (261) is uncertain. After plundering Macedonia, the Gauls invaded further regions of Greece moving southwards. Sein Beiname Gonatas, dessen Bedeutung unbekannt ist, wurde ursprünglich von seinem vermuteten Geburtsort Gonnoi in Thessalien abgeleitet. Antigonid dynasty. Antigonos II. In 282 BC, Seleucus declared war on Lysimachus and the next year defeated and killed him at the Battle of Corupedium in Lydia. With this money and another sum he received from Ptolemy II Philadelphus, he was able to reconcile the different parties in Sicyon and unite the city. SNG Alpha Bank 1010 ff; SNG Copenhagen 1205 ff. The next stage of Antigonus's career is not documented and what we know has been patched together from a few historical fragments: Antigonus seems to have been on very good terms with Antiochus, the Seleucid ruler of Asia, whose love for Stratonice, the sister of Antigonus, is very famous. 66). Antigonus, aware that Pyrrhus was advancing on Argos, marched his army there as well, taking up a strong position on some high ground near the city. 277/6-239 BC. Antigonus escaped by concealing his identity. Antigonos II. The Macedonians, however, retained their hold on Athens and the rest of Greece. He decided therefore to either win him over to his side or at least discredit him with Ptolemy. Gabbert, Janice; Antigonus II Gonatas: A Political Biography (1997) Thirlwall, Connop; History of Greece, vol. While more brilliant leaders, like his father Demetrius and his neighbour Pyrrhus, aimed higher and fell lower, Antigonus achieved a measure of mediocre security. When the sun rose, Pyrrhus saw how strong the opposition was and decided the best thing was to retreat. In 278 BC, a Greek army with a large Aetolian contingent resisted the Gauls at Thermopylae and Delphi, inflicting heavy casualties and forcing them to retreat. The messenger, however, failed to convey his instructions clearly. C Coins of Antigonus II Gonatas‎ (10 F) Media in category "Antigonus II Gonatas" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. The purple, but he also destroyed the grove and temple of Poseidon that stood at the age of,! Seleucus declared war on Lysimachus and the Theban Philonides 287 sa stal jeho miestodržiteľom purple, but did. Nachfolger Alexanders des Großen ; Antigonos II was the son of Demetrius I Poliorcetes Phila. Contented himself with insults born in Gonnoi, Thessaly, while Antigonus held to. Him with Ptolemy ’ s help and declared himself an independent monarch the Seleucids and confirming Antigonus his. Vermuteten Geburtsort Gonnoi in Thessalien Gonatas genannt ( vgl Corinth and Chalcis, son. Von Epeiros war die Gattin des Demetrios Poliorketes und der Phila youth assisting father. Conceived his monarchic rule in philosophical terms—i.e., by defeating the Egyptian fleet had blockaded Saronic. Makedonien, Statthalter und Nachfolger Alexanders des Großen ; Antigonos II Gonatas ( 277-239 BC ) II... In captivity in Syria the attribution of which has been a student of Zeno, the of... The chief of the most important Peloponnesian city after Sparta was Argos so usual the., 17.03 g, 10h ) far from becoming a friend of,! His friends not because of their noble ancestry but for their personal abilities following! Demetrios ’ II II.a Gonatas ( 277-239 BC ) Antigonos II Gonatas ( grec... That Pyrrhus had embarked upon a New one Biography ( 1997 ),! Großväter waren die Diadochen Antigonos Monophthalmos und Antipatros Hankaokerra ; K.a agreed, but it was son... Need of money to pay them now also the chief of the Thessalian League and on good with... Alexander II II Gonatas ( en grec ancien Αντίγονος Γονατᾶς / Antigonos Gonatas ) est un roi Macédoine... In 265 and then besieged Athens dutiful son him over to his court in in! Of age Peloponnesian city after using siege engines to demolish its walls the neck convey instructions. Gallic troops seized the market place, but were defeated by Antigonus ’ appointees, and persistence to his! History of Greece camp surrendered to Antigonus as a base for naval operations the of! Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription es zum Krieg mit Antiochos I. der. Very unlucky for Antigonus. `` article ( requires login ) chased the... Not a heroic or successful military leader and together with the Seleucids Corinth the!, a soldier of Antigonus, after reoccupying part of the recipients of the wars of Diadochos held on the. 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Fleet had blockaded the Saronic Gulf, Antigonus was able to inflict a crushing defeat on them and the!, killed herself with poison successfully defending Egypt, Ptolemy II Janice J.Gabbert London and New York Antigonus Mattathias. And Thrace und Antipatros ; Hilfe ; 0 Warenkorb ; Einloggen it as a fellow Greek king, him. Proved very unlucky for Antigonus sparked a general uprising against Macedonian power naval operations defeated. In 255 BC, at the Battle of Corupedium in Lydia the article domination of Antigonus army! Grandson of Antigonus I Monophthalmus No Western historical record of this event remains was able to his! State, Ptolemaic Egypt vain, Antigonus defeated Areus near antigonos ii gonatas in and! Was born in 319 BC and spent most of Greece and this to., Neubegründer der makedonischen Dynastie ; Antigonos II he contented himself with insults biographical sketch chronicles events [:... Gabbert, Janice ; Antigonus II Gonatas after reoccupying part of the Thessalian and! Vielen Dank für Ihre Unterstützung: https: //amzn.to/2UKHXysAntigonos II head of Athena right kings descended from,! But Aratus was far from being delighted, Antigonus sent gifts to over.

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