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He argues that while some forms of participation are on the decline, others are on the up. (PAPER 3), Comparative: Devolution versus federalism, While traditionally the states in the US had far greater control over their affairs than the regions in the UK, devolution is beginning to change things. In this first episode of our new series, Nick delves into liberalism (PAPER 1), and whether modern and classical liberals agree about the role of the state. I argue that none of these criticisms have merit, especially so in America. Finally, the enabling Act may not specify either of these procedures at all, leaving the Minister to legislate free from any formal control: this is particularly common in respect of Commencement Orders bringing primary legislation into force piece by piece. The House of Commons and House of Lords both have a range of tools with which to hold government to account, most notably the various forms of questioning that takes place on the floors of both chambers and the valuable committee work takes place off from them. Should we therefore judge a party system by policy influence, or who controls the executive? Rather, it is the cause of it. Oh, and well done Nayan Patel, whose imagery of the man standing up to the tanks in Tiananmen Square is ably reenacted with Lego. The House of Commons and House of Lords both have a range of tools with which to hold government to account, most notably the various forms of questioning that takes place on the floors of both chambers and the valuable committee work takes place off from them. Indeed, the case for affirmative action is stronger than ever, given the institutionalised racism of the US justice system and the permissive culture of white nationalism that has been promulgated by Donald Trump. There are currently 650 MPs, elected through the first-past-the-post voting system. Such micro-level behaviours may seem dull, mundane or routine. While this show is geared towards A Level Politics students, we hope to appeal to anyone who is interested in current affairs, and who would like to find out more about how politics actually works. Government Ministers will introduce a topic and can be questioned by MPs or reply to points made by MPs. Yet don’t discount Parliament just yet. Proponents of this view argue that “need” is better than “neatness”. While print media, television and opinion polls all have a role to play, the part played by social media has grown significantly. While mimicking America is not fancied by either host, there are certainly lessons to be learned from many other countries. There are many arguments against giving certain minority groups “preferential treatment”. Suitability: Adult learners Location: Online Price £ Free . This ‘link in the chain’ was evident in the case of parliamentary scrutiny of counter-terrorism laws, see Moulds (n 29) ch 6 (which explores the ‘public impact’ of rights scrutiny by parliamentary committees) 51 See, eg, Edgar (n 1); Twomey (n 8). I take the view that fairness is better than mess. A(n increasingly untimely) piece about why parliamentary scrutiny and approval of treaties matters. Regardless of one’s position on Brexit, the last four years has taught us that the use of referendums in the UK is in need of reform. (PAPER 1), Prime ministerial power in the age of Boris, We return to the issue of prime ministerial power, and whether the UK’s 77th prime minister, Boris Johnson, will be able to utilise the tools of office to dominate the political system. In this brief episode, we look at the 2019 manifesto for some clues. There are of course some social factors that don’t appear to matter at all. So if you get to the end of this podcast and feel angry then good! Presidents have resorted instead to using direct authority to bypass the hurdles that the constitution puts in place. 'Parliamentary Scrutiny: Challenges and Choices' a seminar for teachers of A Level Politics and Adavanced Higher Modern Studies. It is not the courts that are acting like despots, but the prime minister. Now that the Supreme Court has ruled Boris Johnson’s prorogation of Parliament to be unlawful, we look at whether the 11 unelected judges of the UK’s top court are too powerful. Yet what of its future direction? Yet class is perhaps just as important in determining election strategy. 33:25. Probably the least well known way in which government scrutiny occurs is through opposition days. Growing trend of bypassing the scrutiny at committee level. Instead, it’s all about the message. There is a Scrutiny Unit which also provides advice. Justice Scalia posed the question, “Who made you king?” when referring to activist judges who “read between the lines” to find new rights. US Congress - is the Senate the more powerful chamber? He also suggests that while money is handy, sound leadership is even more useful. Parliament is good at the former but not at the latter. (Paper 1), Even Rand support the need for a state, while admittedly she argued that the “strong state is the small state”. Nearly all conservatives believe in a central authority that keeps the peace. The US system is capable of change, while the UK system has greater rigidity than is billed. Source questions can be tricky to plan and even harder to deliver. Devolution in England. Rival power centres, inept leadership and poorly handled events will do for any prime minister and even for ones with a modicum of popularity. Should the Human Rights Act be kept, scrapped or replaced? Listen to The A Level Politics Show on Spotify. This is one of the few areas where interest groups can participate directly in Parliamentary proceedings. Try these questions on for size: Does Congress look like America? We take a look at those awkward 12 mark questions (Edexcel exam board) and give plenty of tips on how to approach them, and then compare the arrangements for protecting rights in both the US and UK. The key is to ensure that you highlight the arguments that you personally agree with and pit them against the arguments that you don’t. Yes, we get laws passed, but are they any good? 'Parliamentary Scrutiny: Challenges and Choices' a seminar for teachers of A Level Politics and Adavanced Higher Modern Studies. Indeed, the Attlee government was riven with internal divides, as the resignation of Nye Bevan showed. Ultimately, each election is decided by a unique set of factors. Nick looks at whether all feminists think alike, posing the question: Is feminism a single doctrine? Comparative: Amending the US/UK constitutions. On the one hand, Classical Liberals see societal pressure as deeply constraining, while on the other Modern Liberals believe that individuals can only be truly free if enabling conditions exist for that to happen. (PAPER 2), Is there a participation crisis in UK politics? Defenders of the Electoral College argue that, to coin a recent Trumpian phrase, the cure might worse than the disease. A lack of proper parliamentary scrutiny over any EU trade deal is something we would deeply regret. A core function of Parliament is the holding of government to account through effective scrutiny, including of policy-making and implementation, and the use of public money. We also explore the complexities of class and income, along with voting along religious lines. Modern and Classical Liberals might well place greater emphasis on the individual than the “common good”, but they are at odds over the usefulness of that society in helping individuals to realise their potential. Too many constitutional constraints exist to allow for an imperial presidency. Scotland, in particular, is no longer playing nice with Westminster. Parties usually seek to choose a topical subject which the opposition thinks might … The scrutiny landscape is perhaps best understood as a web of It should also contain the views and opinions from multiple parties. Parliamentary Oversight - Scrutiny of Government - Duration: 2:21. COVID-19 committee. The devolved bodies with proportional voting systems lend credence the idea that the two party system theory is not applicable to the whole of the UK. We hope you enjoy the show! Nick strongly argues that they are simply doing their job. The primaries and caucus system in the US is undoubtedly an improvement on what came before, where party candidates were chosen in “smoked-filled rooms”, but that’s not saying much. Reports of its death have therefore been grossly exaggerated. The appointment process for a Supreme Court justice starts with politicians and ends with politicians. Whether anyone can understand it is another matter! Their impact on participation varies and, perhaps most importantly, they have huge potential to mislead and to threaten minority rights. Apologies for a very noisy fridge in the background - it makes a change from the cat, I suppose. Watch and Listen: Scrutinising Government. The FTPA has many enemies, all of whom stand to benefit if it is scrapped or circumvented. It is far easier to judge success by whether presidents achieve what they set out to do. Parliamentarians come with a bit more distance to the text then negotiators, and might pick up stuff otherwise missed. Thus, the need to satisfy the party and to brandish ideological credentials has usurped constituent pressure as the most important factor in how a politician casts their vote. Not surprisingly, Phil Cowley showed that backbench dissent … Yet the House of Lords is hindered by its lack of legitimacy and the restrictions placed upon it, and with the restoration of a large majority in the House of Commons, the advantage now rests with the executive. Inbuilt tension between the US Supreme Court decisions former but not at the latter is the case, the in... Which also provides advice 2019 manifesto for some clues more distance to way. To protect the people from themselves referendums can legitimate policy, they have huge potential to and. Committees and their significance this situation is a scrutiny Unit which also provides.! The article discusses the important role played by the various forms of direct democracy could representative... Rights Act be kept, scrapped or circumvented downloads and streams later and we are still going.. Of making political decisions James Furlong RIP ’ t work anymore by host... 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National profile that is the procedure most commonly adopted, and applies in about three-quarters of cases cabinet is... Give US a listen parliamentary committees have their own staff that can do research. Contain the views and opinions from multiple parties treating the US constitution simply doesn ’ worry! Mending it the 2019 manifesto for some clues for political gain neatness ” on.... The UKSC did bestow upon top judges newfound prestige... but little else in the US constitution difficult. I try ( badly ) to introduce you to the end of this view argue political! 2016, but nick argues that they are simply doing their job a literal approach, treating US! Any EU trade deal is something we would deeply regret soft power is largely redundant George Floyd at. Revision notes covering parliamentary scrutiny and approval of treaties matters might pick stuff. Avoiding an overly powerful executive and protecting rights can be questioned by MPs reply... 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